Taiwan Historical Items
Taiwan Democratic Republic's Official Note
Taiwan Official Note (2nd edition)
One Silver Coin Payable on Bearer's Demand Issued by General
Official Monetary Bureau Issued on the 15th day, 7th month, 21st year
of Kuang Hsu (1895).
Size 248(l) x 133(w)
During Sino-Japanese War of 1894 China was thoroughly defeated by
Japan. Consequently, in accordance with the peace treaty of the two
countries, Taiwan was ceded to Japan permanently.
When people and officials of Taiwan heard the news, they were disappointed
and refused to accept such fact. They quickly decided to safeguard
their lands and establish their own nation with or without Ching's
government support, with respect to avoid from being governed by
Japan. The new nation was set up at the 22nd day, 5th month, of
1995, named as Taiwan Democratic Republic. It was the first democratic
country in Asia.
During the independence campaign the Taiwanese people determined to
fight with Japan if necessary. With a view to collect enough
nations, the new government started to issue stamps and paper money, for
repaying expenditures. The paper money had two issuance, the 1st
issuance was in the 6th month of 1895, and the 2nd issuance was in
the following month, they were in 4 denominations: 10,5, 1 silver dollar
and 500 cashes.
Hundreds of battles were bursting out after Japanese troops had
landed on Taiwan, and forced Japan to pay a great price even greater
that they suffered in the war of Ching's military during
1894. Even though the major confrontations in this island still were
putting out 3 months latter, this new nation only lasted for about 100
days. Most of the paper money issued by this nation was
destroyed after Japanese's ruling, and become very rare and precious in
Chinese Revolutionary Gold Bond
The shown paper note, 79(l) x 194(w)mm, was issued by Dr. Sun
Yat-Sen and the revolutionary party he chaired in San Francisco during
1909, i.e. the first year of Huang Tung reign of Ching's
Dr. Sun was the founder of the Republic of China. With
respect to establish such new country, he started his revolutionary career
in overthrowing the reign of Ching since 1894. Then
thereafter he and his followers had failed 10 times in military actions,
many revolutionaries were killed or caught to be executed by then government
until October 1911.
Their 11th trial successfully gave the Manchurian government a fatal
strike, and gave birth to the Republic of China.
Dr. Sun and the revolutionaries led their lives like
desperadoes in China, most of the domestic financial aids were cut
off. As to keep revolutionary campaigns proceeded, they
constantly went abroad to seek for help from overseas China.
The show bond in 10 dollars was on to the bonds they issued for
collecting revolution funds in San Francisco. In the issuance, in
addition to the 10-dollar bond, there were some in 100 and 1,000
dollars, anyone funding 1, 10, 100 US dollars would be granted the three
bonds, respectively, and would be paid in Chinese currency at the
day when the Republic of China was founded.
As a matter-of-fact, most of the bonds were not paid at the day as
above promised, until 26 years later, i.e. 1937.